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General discription
      Silicon carbide is a resistance type heating element.and made from high density  reaction-bonded silicon carbide  or high purity recrystallized silicon carbide , that are extruded in the form of rods or tubes, before being bonded together by a process of re  crystallization, at temperatures of over 2500°C (4530°F). The firing process ensures the creation of rods with strong uniform bonds between adjacent grains, and the particle size distribution is closely controlled to ensure optimum density and resistance to the process atmosphere.
      Heating elements for element temperatures up to 1625°C (2927°F), available in a wide variety of standard sizes and geometries, or in customized designs to meet the specific needs of various processes and equipment. heating elements are capable of high power output, and may be mounted either vertically or horizontally.  no special supports are required

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Grade 1 QS1 

    SiC heating Elements suitable for most applications in which silicon carbide elements are used. heating elements feature hot zones of high purity recrystallized silicon carbide, optimized for resistance to oxidation and common process gases. Available in rod or multi-leg designs

    High density -- approximately 2.52 g/cm3  or 2.7g/cm3 to 2.8 g/cm3.This gives the Starbar very slow aging characteristics and high strength
Grade2  QS2 

     SiC heating elements designed for the most challenging applications where conventional silicon carbide elements are unsuitable.  SiC heating elements feature hot zones of high density, low permeability, reaction-bonded silicon carbide, which is highly resistant to oxidation, and to chemical attack by process volatiles and reactive atmospheres. At 2.7 g/cm3, this high-density low-porosity element  has an extremely slow aging characteristic
.
    The QS M TYPE element is a heating element that has two cold ends, welded at right angles to the opposite ends of the hot section. The maximum recommended furnace temperature is 1425ºC . The element is manufactured of high density recrystallized silico carbide.   

     The two cold ends are low resistance silicon carbide. The diameters available range from 13 to 54mm and hot zone lengths up to 1500mm and cold ends up to 480mm long.
     The QS M TYPE element is ideal for launders where terminal connections are on the top of the furnace. 

     The RA element has support holes in the cold end so the element can be installed with the cold ends through the roof. Cotter pins and washers are included with each element

Item#

Diameter

Maximum Hot Zone Length

Maximum Cold End Length

Hot Zone (Eletrical Resistance)

Cold End(Eletrical Resistance)

M-13

13 mm
     1/2 Inch

560 mm
     22 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00773 Ohms/mm
     0.1963 Ohms/Inch

0.000387 Ohms/mm
     0.00982 Ohms/Inch

M-16

16 mm
     5/8 Inch

610 mm
     24 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00497 Ohms/mm
     0.1262 Ohms/Inch

0.000248 Ohms/mm
     0.00631 Ohms/Inch

M-19

19 mm
     3/4 Inch

863 mm
     34 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00341 Ohms/mm
     0.0865 Ohms/Inch

0.00017 Ohms/mm
     0.00433Ohms/Inch

M-25

25 mm
     1/1 Inch

1220 mm
     48 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00197 Ohms/mm
     005 Ohms/Inch

0.000098 Ohms/mm
     0.0025 Ohms/Inch

M-32

32 mm
     1/1 Inch

1500 mm
     59 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00134 Ohms/mm
     0.0343 Ohms/Inch

0.000067 Ohms/mm
     0.00171 Ohms/Inch

M-35

35 mm
     1/3 Inch

1500 mm
     59 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00106 Ohms/mm
     0.027 Ohms/Inch

0.000053 Ohms/mm
     0.00135 Ohms/Inch

M-38

38 mm
     1/1 Inch

1500 mm
     59 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00092Ohms/mm
     0.0234 Ohms/Inch

0.000046 Ohms/mm
     0.00117 Ohms/Inch

M-44

44 mm
     1/3 Inch

1500 mm
     59 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00065 Ohms/mm
     0.0165 Ohms/Inch

0.000032 Ohms/mm
     0.00082 Ohms/Inch

M-54

54 mm
     2/1 Inch

1500 mm
     59 Inch

482 mm
     19 Inch

0.00059 Ohms/mm
     0.015 Ohms/Inch

0.00003 Ohms/mm
     0.00075 Ohms/Inch

Other sizes available on request
     All resistance values are +/-20%. Resistance values are measured at approximately 1071ºC (1960ºF). Special high-resistance elements are also available
Easy to install through roof

     Ideal for lift-off roof arrangements. All terminal connec- tions are on the top surface, and no access to the sides is required.
     Ideal for narrow channels, launders and feeders. QS M PYTE elements can be fitted along the length of the unit, instead of across the width so fewer elements are required, and all terminal connections are limited to the roof, leaving the sides free for access.
Ideal for wide roofs and walls
      QS M TYPE elements can be arranged in zones to improve temperature uniformity inside the furnace.
Conventional rod elements fit across the entire width or height of the furnace, and separate control zones are not possible.
      QS M TYPE  elements, the interior surfaces of the furnace can be divided into multiple control zones, for improved temperature uniformity and control, and improved yield of the finished products.
Physical  properties

Bulk Density

2.5-2.8g/℃m3

Porosity                

20%

Thermal  Conductivity         

14-19w/m ℃

Rupture Strength       

50Mpa(25℃)

Specifi Heat              

1.okj/℃(25-1300℃)

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion      

 4.5x10-6(1000℃

OPERATING TEMPERATURES

SLIOCON CARBIDE HEATING ELEMENT USE BY ATMOSPHERE

ATMOSPHERES

TEMPERATURE LIMIT

MXXIMUM LOADING W/in2

MXXIMUM LOADING W/cm2

EFFECT

CLEAN DRY AIR

1150℃

Maximum

Maximum

One piece Sic element can be operated at furnace control temperatures up to 1600ºC. (Maximum element temperature is 1625ºC). The three-piece Sic element is limited to 1427ºC.

HYDROGEN
     DP+75°F
     DP-60°F

1300℃
     1300℃
     1093℃

30
     30
     30

5
     5
     5

An atmosphere which contains any percentage of hydrogen whatsoever will react with silicon carbide if the temperature exceeds 1300ºC.

AMMONIA

1300℃

30

5

Reduces silica film, Frorm CH4 from Sic

NITROGEN

1370℃

30

5

Form insulating Silicon Nitrides

PURE OXYGEN

1315℃

25

4

Faster oxidization than in air. Use LMA infusion glaze cotated starbar elements, or type TW, SE,SER or SEU

CO2

1500℃

25

4

No effect,may deposit Carbon

CO

1540℃

25

4

No effect

ARGON/HELIUM

1700℃

Maximum

Maximum

No detrimental effect

WATER DP 60°F
                    50°F
          0        °F
         -50        °F

1095℃
     1200℃
     1370℃
     1540℃

30
     45
     40
     45

5
     5.5
     6.5
     7

Reacts with Sic to form Silicon Hydrates ,Use LMA infusion glaze coated Starbar elements, or type TW,SE,SER,or SEU.

HALOGENS

700℃

25

4

Attacks Sic and SiO2 reducing

HYDROCARBONS

1315℃

20

3

Hot spotting from C pick-up

METHANE

1315℃

20

3

Hot spotting from C pick-up

DRY EXOTHERMIC GAS

1400℃

Maximum

Maximum

Dependent on composition

DRY ENDOTHERMIC GAS

1250℃

Maximum

Maximum

Dependent on composition

VACUUM

1205℃

25

4

To 7 Microns -Below vaporizes Sic. Short term use only

S and SO2

1315℃

25

4

Attack Sic

For atmospheres containing water vapor, alkali metal vapors, flux vapors, or oxygen enrichment, we recommend the use of QS3 glaze coated elements
Glazes and coatings
     Special glazes and surface treatments have been developed which can extend element life in various operating conditions, particularly where chemical attack is a problem. Details of these will be provided on request.
     QS offers a special coating for certain severe atmosphere applications 

     QS1  Coating This coating consists of a complex silicate glass specially formulated to provide a high degree of protection against chemical attack in atmospheres containing water vapor, alkaline metal vapors, flux vapors and in applications that utilize oxygen enrichment, including; non-ferrous metal melting and holding, glass melting and refining, brazing, sintering of powdered metal components, and pre-sintering of powders for lithium ion battery cells.

     QS2 Coating This coating is a silicon carbide/silica composite. It is applied in 2 parts, an organic based pretreatment followed by a mix of silicon carbide and colloidal silica. The coating is cured to provide an adherent coating that covers the outside surface of the heating element. The organic portion burns away during the cure step to leave SiC and SiO2. This coating acts as a physical barrier to chemical attack on the heating elements.

      QS3 Coating This coating is a zirconia/silica based coating. When applied to the hot zone, this coating acts as a physical barrier to attack. When applied to the cold ends, the coating prevents the elements from sticking to the furnace refractor
SERVICE LIFE
       All silicon carbide elements increase in resistance during their life in operation, This characteristic of increasing in resistance is called aging. Aging is a function of the following:
      •Furnace temperature
      •Element surface loading in W/cm2
      •Atmosphere surrounding the elements
      •Mode of operation – continuous or intermittent
      •Operating practices and power control methods used
      •Operating and maintenance technique
      As a general guide, QS SIC elements may increase in resistance at a rate of about 5 – 6% per 1000 hours operating continuously in clean air at a temperature of 1400°C ( and at about 3% per 1000 hours use at 1000°C . It should be noted that small changes in operating conditions can alter these rates considerably
INTERCHANGEABILITY 

     QS  SIC  are premier grade high performance silicon carbide elements, and we are the only high quality silicon carbide heating elements manufactured in theCHINA. 

     Elements can also be manufactured in special sizes and resistance values to replace elements supplied by other manufacturers in Asia and Europe. 

     It is important to provide the nominal electrical resistance when ordering Sic elements.
EASE OF REPLACEMENT

     SIC element can be replaced while the furnace is at operating temperature. The power to the elements being changed should be shut off, the spring clips and aluminum braid released, and the old SIC removed. 

      The new SIC should be inserted smoothly through the hot furnace with sufficient speed to insure that the aluminum is not melted off the terminal end but not so fast as to cause thermal shock
AVAILABILITY

     SIC  can be shipped  from stock, or two to three weeks after receipt of an order. In an emergency we may be able to produce more quickly.
CUSTOM CONFIGURATIONS 

     Special sizes and shapes are available. Cold ends can be different lengths. This, for example, would be applicable for furnaces with arched roofs that require longer cold ends through the roof and shorter through the floor.

     Another modification is a multiple-temperature hot zone. This, for example, would be helpful to get additional heat energy into the lower, more densely loaded tunnel kiln. While this special modified hot zone may not create a specific temperature differential, it does offer a convenient way to get more or less heat energy.
SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE

      SIC elements  will give you superior performance due to their high density -- approximately 2.52 g/cm3 .or 2.7 g/cm3to2.8 g/cm3 ,This gives the SIC elements very slow aging characteristics and high strength.
Ordering
     The minimum information required when ordering QS SIC elements is as   follows:
     Element type:
     Diameter, mm (ØA):
     Hot zone length, mm(L):
     Cold  end length,mm(L)
     Overall length, mm  (L):
     Nominal resistance,( Ω):

Company name:Henan Flourishing Energy Saving Service Co.,Ltd
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Telephone:+86-371-60995122
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E-mail:tab@qs–heatingelements.com
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